Banking instability to US debt default fears await G7 finance ministers

German Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock, Ghana’s Foreign Minister Shirley Ayorkor Botchwey, Canadian Foreign Minister Melanie Joly, Japanese Foreign Minister Yoshimasa Hayashi, British Secretary for Foreign Affairs James Cleverly, the Deputy Chairperson for the African Union Commission Monique Nsanzabaganwa, the High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell, French Foreign Minister Catherine Colonna, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Kenya’s Foreign and Diaspora Affairs Cabinet Secretary Alfred Mutua pose for a photo during a working session at a G7 Foreign Ministers Meeting, at the City Hall in Muenster, Germany. Reuters File

Aid to war-torn Ukraine will be the focus of Thursday’s G7 finance meeting, but ministers and central bankers will also consider issues ranging from banking instability to US debt default fears.

The world economy is still shaky following years of pandemic problems, which have been made worse by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, as the Group of Seven developed countries meet for three days.

So, before the G7 leaders meet next weekend in Hiroshima, the meetings in the seaside city of Niigata in central Japan offer an opportunity to lay out a vision for financial stability.

President Joe Biden has stated that the standoff over Washington’s debt ceiling may even cause him to postpone his trip to Hiroshima when US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen arrives.

In Niigata, though, she will focus on addressing “shared challenges” including those related to Ukraine, according to the Treasury Department.

“This year, a central piece of our strategy is to take further actions to disrupt Russia’s attempts to evade our sanctions,” Yellen is expected to say in a speech on Thursday afternoon.

When the G7 finance ministers met in April in Washington, they hailed IMF approval of $15.6 billion in financing for Kyiv, recommitted to sanctions on Moscow and pledged “further actions as needed”.

There has been no official indication that new measures will be agreed during this week’s talks, but the door is open, said John Kirton, director of the G7 Research Group at the University of Toronto.

Fresh action could centre around “strengthening sanctions evasion by third countries, starting with China”, he told AFP ahead of the Niigata talks, which Ukrainian Finance Minister Sergii Marchenko will join virtually.

EU officials are already discussing halting exports of sensitive technologies to eight Chinese companies over suspicions they are selling them to Russia.

The G7 could also try to stop tankers covertly selling Russian oil in violation of the group’s oil price cap, or expand export bans, Kirton said.

Banking stability

More robust supply chains, crypto regulation and climate finance will also provide talking points for the ministers, central bank chiefs, and the heads of the IMF, OECD and World Bank.

“Enhancing economic resilience against future shocks (and) strengthening collaboration” will be key, Madhavi Bokil, senior vice-president of Moody’s Investors Service, told AFP.

Japan’s Finance Minister Shunichi Suzuki this week stressed the need for vigilance on the banking crisis, which is likely to loom large in discussions.

Three regional US banks have collapsed since early March, sparking panic among customers and turmoil for the shares of mid-sized institutions.

In Niigata, “G7 members can agree on a strong, unified message to reassure and convince customers and counterparties to stop their assaults” on such lenders, Kirton said.

But disagreements may arise between European G7 members and the United States on the need for regulation on digital bank runs, he warned.

European Central Bank president Christine Lagarde set out her position in an interview with Japan’s Nikkei business daily, saying that “supervision needs to be intrusive and as granular as possible” to minimise the economic risks.

There will also be a gulf on the issue of monetary policy, with most major central banks except Japan hiking rates to tackle inflation in recent months.

The bloc, which includes Japan, the United States, Germany, Britain, France, Canada, Italy and the European Union, is expected to discuss infrastructure investment in less developed nations.

Japan has been keen to use this year’s G7 for outreach to countries beyond the group, and finance ministers from India, Indonesia and Brazil will join the Niigata talks, along with the South Korean and Singaporean ministers.

The outreach is seen as key to swaying international opinion on both Russia and China, which funds infrastructure around the world through its huge Belt and Road Initiative.

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